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Our Delegate’s Projects

With our practice-led learning approach, our delegates have plenty of opportunities to put what they’ve learned into action and see tangible results in their educational settings. Some of our modules, such as the Enquiry-based SEND practice module, taken to complete the Masters of Education in SEND (MEd SEND) or Masters in Leading Inclusive Practice qualifications, specifically require delegates to undertake a piece of enquiry-based professional action research, which will help you to examine your own practice and that of others.

We love to celebrate the amazing work that comes out of our delegates studying with us. This work isn’t just of a very high academic standard; it really goes on to make a measurable difference in the classroom and the lives of students.

Ciara Robinson - iSENCO - Masters Assignment 3

Delegate Name: Ciara Robinson

Course: International Award for SEN Coordination

Qualification Achieved: Postgraduate Certificate SEND: International Award for SEN Coordination

Project Title: Focusing on a Makaton intervention to support a child with communication and interaction difficulties. 

About Ciara: Ciara has been a primary education classroom teacher for 12 years. The first four years of her career were spent working in an Inner City London Primary School, where the majority of students were second language learners. It was here that Ciara began to develop a passion for Special Educational Needs. Ciara then went on to begin her Makaton journey, inspired by teaching a non-verbal student in her care. Shortly after, Ciara qualified as a Level 3 trained user in Makaton. She soon noticed how successful the use of the Makaton Language Programme can be in supporting pupils and families with their language communication journey.

Over the last 8 years, Ciara has been teaching in Dubai in the UAE. Currently working at a very unique school that delivers a British Curriculum to local Emirati students. Ciara says “working here has given me the opportunity to continually develop my understanding of how EAL learners acquire a new language.” Highlighting that this has also challenged her to continue her professional development. Explaining that most recently, Ciara has used the Covid-19 pandemic to refresh her Makaton and upskill her level of understanding. Ciara explains that naturally, the pandemic has developed new challenges for teachers and students. Particularly in the way children communicate and socialise in the classroom. It has been an opportunity to use Makaton as a way for all children to engage and communicate as well as teach language.

This is what led Ciara to focus her case study module on the Makaton Language Programme and how it can be utilised to support students with communication and interaction difficulties. Ciara explains that although this is a common approach for supporting students in the UK, it is a relatively new concept in Dubai and many teachers are unaware of what Makaton is.

Masters Assignment 3: Ciara’s study focused on a child within her class, with the aim of measuring the impact of how Makaton would develop his communication, spoken language, vocabulary and reading skills. The chosen child for her case study was assessed and barriers to learning were identified. With support from teaching staff and external specialists, a personalised provision map was outlined for the child. It was decided that Makaton was one of the main approaches used to support communication and language development. 

As the primary Makaton teacher in her school, Ciara developed and personalised a structured Makaton language programme. You can see below the provision put in place for Ciara’s case study.

The outcomes of the intervention were positive. Ciara found that the student in question gained confidence in the classroom and the wider school environment. The pupil also developed a more positive attitude toward their schoolwork and became more resilient in working from home online. 

Ciara also found that intervention had a positive impact on his speaking, listening and reading. Socially, amongst peers, the pupil was more confident. Equally, at home, they were reported as less frustrated and generally happier. 

What Next?: During the COVID-19 pandemic, Ciara retrained and now holds a level 4 Makaton qualification. Looking ahead, Ciara says that she hopes to continue her Makaton development. One day, Ciara would also like to become a Makaton ambassador so that she can, in her own words, “raise the profile of this fantastic programme in the Middle East region”.

Furthermore, Ciara would also like to highlight that Makaton does not just positively impact those with language barriers but can also be used effectively to impact and support second language learners.

Kayleigh Hutchison - Enquiry-based SEND Practice

Delegate Name: Kayleigh Hutchison

Course: Enquiry-based SEND Module

Qualification Achieved: MEd in SEND

Project Title: The effect of the school dog on children with ASD

About Kayleigh: Starting her career in teaching in an SEN school in the UK, Kayleigh has since gone on to become the head of inclusion in a primary school in Dubai. Kayleigh’s masters programme started with the NASENCO qualification, shortly after she moved to Dubai. Since then she has gradually built up her modules to complete her degree. Alongside the work she does and studies she has completed, Kayleigh explains her other areas of interest are; dyslexia and social, emotional mental health needs. Talking about her time with Real Training, Kayleigh explains she has really enjoyed the enquiries module and her project into the effect of the school dog on children with ASD. An area she says she is now particularly interested in. 

Masters Assignment 3: Kayleigh’s area of research is surrounding the impact that time spent with the school dog has on the social skills, behaviour and emotional wellbeing of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Kayleigh’s research questions were as follows;

Does time with the school dog have a positive impact on:

  1. The social skills of three identified children with ASD?
  2. The behaviour of three identified children with ASD?
  3. The emotional wellbeing of three identified children with ASD?
  4. Can these effects be noticed during the session with the dog?
  5. Can these effects be noticed outside of the sessions with the dog, within the school setting?

In this study, Kayleigh used a mixed methodological approach of 3 case studies. It is worth noting that the dog involved was not specifically trained as a therapy dog and had not undergone any specialist training other than basic obedience classes and an early introduction to the school from a young age. The staff involved had experience working with both the dog and children with ASD. 

The participants in this research were ages 4, 5 and 10 and had all been diagnosed with ASD. Kayleigh used pre and post questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. Data comparison was done through strength and difficulties questionnaires, comparisons of pre and post-Boxall Profile and qualitative observations for all 5 research questions. 

The main outcome of this research was that time spent with the dog generally did have a positive impact on students with ASD, predominantly in the areas of social skills and behaviour. However, no improvements were found in the area of emotional wellbeing. The qualitative observations highlighted students’ enjoyment, development of confidence and improved communication over time. 

What Next?:  Due to the success of Kayleigh’s research and the positive impact seen on students with ASD, it has been considered and discussed with key stakeholders, whether positive effects can be seen with children with other types of special educational needs. Therefore, they intend to use the Boxall Profile to assess students’ needs followed by a short-term intervention plan with 2-3 sessions per week with the school dog. They will then conclude with a discussion with the class teacher regarding any progress made and complete a post-intervention assessment using the Boxall Profile. 

Caroline Showell-Rogers - Enquiry-based SEND Practice

Delegate Name: Caroline Showell-Rogers

Course: Enquiry-based SEND Module

Qualification Achieved: MEd Professional Practice Dyslexia and Literacy

Project Title: The experience of SEN teachers adopting online teaching methods during the Covid-19 Pandemic

About Caroline: Passionate about boys’ education, as well as mothering two sons, Caroline is entering her fifteenth year teaching at a top boys’ independent school in Oxford, UK. As Learning Enrichment Coordinator for the last eight years, she completed further training several years ago with Dyslexia Action to develop an expertise in literacy development and difficulties. Following her training, she qualified to become a ‘specialist teacher/assessor’ and offers assessments, alongside her work in a school, to those who would like to better understand their cognitive strengths and weaknesses. Caroline believes very much that a clear understanding of how brains tick will empower educators to optimize the learning experience for all, leading to greater achievement and an inclusive environment where all participants are able to contribute. The theme of empowerment for colleagues runs throughout her project, aiming to voice SEND teachers’ experiences of teaching online, reminding readers of the high value that a ‘trial and error’ organizational culture offers to staff and pupils and that empowerment of SEND pupils continues to be a key priority for teachers in the online realm. To learn more about Caroline’s work, visit www.caroline.education.

Masters Assignment 3: In her project, Caroline sought to focus on the experience of SEN teachers applying digital technologies that are new to them during the lockdown. Whilst also exploring the success and tensions faced in trying to meet the SpLD needs of their pupils remotely using technology. Carolines research questions were as follows;

  1. With a move to online teaching during the Covid-19 lockdown, how did teachers’ use of digital applications to support their teaching change (or not change)?
  2. What aspects of teachers’ experiences during lockdown continue to influence them post-lockdown?

The focus group discussion involved five SENCOs who already had an established relationship. Discussions were framed around several key questions intended to generate open dialogue, guided by the 4-D cycle and themes identified in the literature. Alongside this, ‘Anna’ (pseudonym) was the case study teacher for Caroline’s research. A SEND teacher colleague who had worked for several years at the school alongside Caroline. Anna’s first experiences were recorded 4 months after the first lockdown in March 2020. Several months later, Anna had to enter a period of self-isolation, during which she moved her teaching online and lessons were observed.

The thematic analysis of the focus group and case study teacher comments found the following to be key factors of importance in the transition to online teaching for SEN teachers.

  1. Role of the organisation
  2. Role of parents
  3. Teaching values
  4. Teaching methods
  5. Physicality
  6. SEND specific impact
  7. The process of innovation adoption

Anna reflected on the frustrations of the new medium; not having physical manipulatives for demonstration, technical difficulties with real-time whiteboards, especially when a pupil was working from an iPad and her from her desktop. Anna also admitted that learning through a ‘trial and error’ approach “felt exhausting, demoralising and took a toll on her motivation!”. However, Anna chose to base most of her decisions on her values rather than the technology available.

Discussions showed that where teachers saw positive effects on learning and engagement, teachers were more likely to use the digital innovations longer term. This study also highlighted that the role of parents in enabling success for teaching and learning of pupils with SEN in the digital medium is as important as organisational culture. Caroline found the project to be successful in addressing the original research questions around SEN teachers adopting new digital innovations. It confirmed many factors seen in the literature review were indeed important, as well as raising new areas for development.

What next?: As Caroline used the RADIO model, the final stage of her project must be to shift the focus to ‘organisational change mode’. This requires using findings from the project to create change within the independent school community who have an interest in consulting further on the findings.

Plans moving forward are to have continued termly meetings amongst the stakeholders of this study who have expressed an interest in continuing discussion on trialling new digital innovations in their teaching. The next steps for Caroline also include drawing up findings from the enquiry into an article for the Independent Schools and Governance Matters magazines. Caroline hopes this will elicit reflection, wider dialogue and further study on the issues for SEN teachers with moving to online teaching.

Jaime Warr NASENCO - Masters Assignment 3

Delegate Name: Jaime Warr

Course: The National Award for SEN Coordination (NASENCO)

Qualification Achieved: Postgraduate Certificate SEND: National Award for SEN Coordination

Project Title: Supporting the assessment and provision of services for pupils with SEND.

About Jaime: Upon completion of a degree in English and Classics, Jaime started her career as a teaching assistant in a learning support unit within an inner-city secondary. Since then, she has worked in many different roles within education; as a learning mentor, lead practitioner and within a multi-agency support team, manager of a learning support unit within mainstream secondary and manager of an alternative learning provision before setting up a nurturing support base within a KS4 pupil referral unit.

Jaime spent a large part of her career as an unqualified instructor but finally qualified as a secondary teacher of English in 2014 whilst working within the PRU, going on to head up the English department and lead the literacy development within the provision. Jaime feels that her NASENCO and CPT3A qualifications, alongside many years of work within disadvantaged inner-city schools, PRU’s and alternative provisions, prepared her for her current role. Jaime now works as an Assistant Principal – SENCO at Springwell Academy Leeds (North Site). This is one of the three largest specialist SEMH provisions within Leeds. Jaime has been supporting the staff and young people alongside her miniature dachshund Cooper Chipolata since September 2018.

Jaime explains “the NASENCO and CPT3A courses gave me a greater understanding of the essential frameworks required to support a complex range of needs.” Having worked in a variety of roles within education, she quickly developed a strong understanding of what young people respond to, which has enabled her to be more critical and solution-focused in her assessment of how Springwell supports its students moving forward.

Jaime believes that the luxury she has is being able to reflect from many viewpoints and having both the experience and empathy to support the hard work of her colleagues who continue to teach, guide and nurture the most vulnerable young people in the city.

Jaime adds “I would welcome contact from any future NASENCO students within the locality who wish to experience a SEMH setting as part of their training.”

Masters Assignment 3: Jaime explains that throughout her time at the PRU she struggled to understand the role and responsibilities of the SENCO and the impact they should be having. Therefore, she aimed to develop a Comprehensive Learning Profile system, to support young people’s individual needs more effectively. Analysing former systems used by the school, Jaime began planning her project.

After a variety of discussions, Jaime established that one of the main points raised was the usefulness of a SEND tracking system. Alongside, understanding exactly what needed to be measured. It was also agreed with colleagues that the school needed to step away from a behaviour focus and consider the bigger picture of each young person. Furthermore, it was established that for any support services put in place, their success would be measured in terms of attainment and progress. When designing the data profiles for each student, Jaime wanted these to include the following;

  • A summary of background data
  • Baseline assessment results
  • Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire results (SDQ)
  • Recommended support and intervention through my analysis of data received
  • Suggested strategies to support teaching and learning
  • Tracking of engagement and progress
  • Termly learning targets
  • Details of any specific interventions put in place and impact.

To understand the impact of the intervention so far, Jaime issued an anonymous questionnaire to her colleagues. Asking them to rate the system in terms of usefulness, practical advice, support and areas requiring further clarity or training. Along with any suggestions for improvements in the coming year. The majority of feedback came from teachers/instructors within the school and some of the results are shown below;

What Next?: Jaime felt her project was a good starting point in moving the school forward. Aware that there would still need to be developments to the systems, Jaime said at the time, “My SEND project has raised my awareness of the feedback I am giving to staff about students and the importance of the Profiles growing organically through collaborative working.” Jaime felt that moving forward the schools needed to focus even more on offering structured support for social and emotional needs before any inroads in learning could be made. Alongside, investing in quality training for staff in school to be able to offer targeted SEND support for SEMH needs. Jaime then presented her ideas around long term staff training to the Senior Leaders for consideration. As Jaime has now progressed in her career into a senior leadership position she is in the perfect place to drive change.

Denise Watson NASENCO - Masters Assignment 3

Delegate Name: Denise Watson

Course: The National Award for SEN Coordination (NASENCO)

Qualification Achieved: Postgraduate Certificate SEND: National Award for SEN Coordination

Project Title: How SENCOs can respond to the needs of vulnerable pupils during a period of remote learning. 

About Denise: Denise currently works as a SEND teacher in the secondary department of an international curriculum school in Dubai. However, Denise was actually primary trained and previously taught in primary settings in the UK and Qatar. Since working in a social and communication school in the UK, Denise says she has always had a keen interest in supporting and working with students with SEND. Despite an opportunity arising for a SEND teacher within the primary years of her current setting, Denise went for the opening within secondary as she “felt it was too good an opportunity to turn down when offered!”. 

Discussing what is required of teachers within the UAE, Denise explained that these requirements are changing rapidly. This is due to the UAE being on a quest for educational excellence. Explaining that it is now an expectation for SEND staff to hold a qualification, Denise felt this was the right time to embark on the NASENCO course as a route to gaining a masters in SEND. The online and distance learning approach of the course appealed greatly to Denise. Mainly due to her location and working full time. Talking about Real Training’s course delivery, Denise says “The way the course is delivered gives the student complete autonomy over their studies but with a great level of support from fellow students and the Mentor.” Prior to this qualification, Denise had not studied since graduating from teacher training in 2002. Hence the thought of writing masters level assignments and completing readings and research was very overwhelming. Despite this, she felt that the course prepared her for it, with step by step instructions and a tutor who was always on hand to answer questions. 

Talking about how she felt after completing her NASENCO Denise said “I have learnt so much from completing the NASENCO course from the basics, such as how to correctly reference in assignments to the legislation and policy in place for SEND in both the UK and Dubai.” Also highlighting that having to compare and learn about policy, legislation and SEND practices in two different countries was very interesting and added a new depth to her overall understanding of SEND. Whilst also keeping her up to date with the changes in the UK system. Denise is now working on her next modules (Social, Emotional Mental Health and Wellbeing & Cognition and Learning) with the intention of completing a Masters in SEND.

Masters Assignment 3: Focusing on the effect the Covid-19 pandemic has had on the education system Denise set the context for her assignment by discussing research around online/distance learning, school responses, implementation and adaptation, tracking, monitoring and identification of need, communication and parental involvement. I have summarised her thoughts on each area below;

Online/Distance Learning

Denise explains that online learning is typically used in higher education (e.g. universities) and you would be unlikely to find this method within primary or secondary schools. She goes on to explain that this means there is little research regarding the impact of online learning or how it differs from classroom instruction. Further highlighting that of the research available, there is little explanation of the effects on children with SEND. Despite evidence showing online learners tend to make less progress than their counterparts, it was agreed that online learning was better than nothing at all.

School Response

It was announced that schools would close for two weeks of distance learning due to the rapid increase of COVID-19 cases; staff received notification the day before school closure. Work packs were sent to the homes of students for them to complete, with the belief that it would only be for two weeks. When trying to navigate safeguarding concerns for students online, the school decided to utilise the online platform Managebac, a system used to post timetables, homework, school notices/events and submit work. It soon became apparent that this platform was not user friendly, particularly for those students with SEND. A move to MS Teams meant learning new systems, resulting in a loss of lesson times. It became evident that an assumed strong understanding of ICT was not the case. 

Implementation and Adaptation

All institutions were then instructed to offer full-time distance learning for all students, including those with SEND. The guidance outlined supporting the need of SEND students using a systematic process of ongoing review and improvement. After distance learning was extended, a plan of how to continue interventions for SEND students was a must. Gathering feedback from students and parents showed that the use of familiar activities online such as; reading comprehension, mental maths and spelling programmes was welcome. Some subject teachers moved their classes to online and it worked; however, as time progressed and engagement dropped it was clear there was room for improvement. 

Tracking, Monitoring and Identification of Need

Live excel tables were used to track and monitor daily attendance, lesson attendance (for live lessons), engagement and submission of work. With colour codes to identify students on the inclusion register and those already receiving additional support. Data was completed and analysed weekly by management and the Head of Inclusion, then used during communications with families. After discussions, subject teachers and grade-level leaders were the first to get in touch. If no positive effect was seen, students would be referred to the inclusion team. 

Communication

The school used a variety of communication methods such as; whole school notifications from the principal, social media updates from Instagram and Facebook accounts, weekly emails from Grade Level Leaders about curriculum/learning, individual emails regarding non-engagement from teachers, parent-teacher conferences via MS Teams, pastoral calls and video calls to those with additional needs. In the haste to keep parents informed, Denise felt they may have done too much and appreciates that streamlined concise communication is the key.

Parental Involvement

Parental involvement in Denise’s setting varies from family to family. With lots of the community having home help through nannies and maids but also others within the community not having access to this, it was hard to find the balance. To help tackle any issues with home learning, the school provided strategies and advice around; structuring the workday, having visual timetables, use of alarms to indicate the end of lessons, designated movement and stretch times, ensuring students had a quiet and appropriate learning area with all necessary equipment, wellbeing and mindfulness activities. 

What Next?: Denise found that, although trying to support students, parents and staff with their mental health throughout the pandemic this has been the most neglected area or consideration throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. 

Explaining the steps of returning to school, Denise outlines that the inclusion team and school counsellor will drive a phased return for vulnerable students, including less academic pressure and more social and emotional activities and support to reintegrate students. Highlighting that there must be a priority on less pressure and more understanding for all students but particularly SEND. 

As a result of distance learning, students and teachers have shown great resilience and adaptability. ICT skills have improved and levels of independence and self-regulation have developed. This time has also given a positive rise to life skills and more opportunities to work through real-life scenarios. 

Tracy Moore NASENCO - Masters Assignment 3

Delegate Name: Tracy Moore

Course: The National Award for SEN Coordination (NASENCO)

Qualification Achieved: Postgraduate Certificate SEND: National Award for SEN Coordination

Project Title: Enhancing assessment and support for pupils with ADHD and wider implications of this for the SEND system

About ‘Tracy’: Tracy is a teacher and SENCO in a small, rural primary school. Having acted as school SENCO for two years, Tracy decided to embark on her NASENCO with Real Training. Studying with Real Training allowed Tracy to continue thoroughly enjoying her role. Speaking of her time on the course Tracy said “I felt that the research and information I gathered throughout my studies through Real Training truly enhanced my practice as SENCO and gave me the confidence to progress within this role.”

Highlighting that the course was an excellent opportunity for personal development. Giving her the opportunity to reflect upon various leadership styles whilst also analysing her own leadership. Through the reading and reflective aspects of writing assignments, Tracy felt she gained a deeper understanding of the possibilities of where she can take her leadership role, as SENCO. Tracy has developed her role in leadership within the school and feels much of this progression was enhanced by her studies with Real Training.

Masters Assignment 3: Tracy decided to focus on those pupils with ADHD after discovering that 5 out of 13 pupils on the SEN register at her school had been diagnosed. Tracy explains that her development project involved;

  • Implementation of new teaching strategies
  • Restructuring of classroom arrangements
  • Restructuring of whole school organisation with regards to behaviour management, whole staff training and specialist SENCO training

Tracy went on in her assignment to explain more about ADHD. The causes, identification process, symptoms and treatment were all covered in detail. This provided great context and foundations for her development project. Explaining the beginning of her project, Tracy explains that the multi-modal approach to supporting a pupil with ADHD is essential and this was her starting point. Ensuring regular meetings with parents was an important part of the process. The project then shifted to the observation that a whole school behaviour programme would be beneficial. They then began whole school training in the 1,2,3 Magic Programme. 

After running this project from September – July Tracy notes that the success and progress for the individuals who were on the SEN register with an ADHD diagnosis was profound. Using measures of general wellbeing, movement audits, family wellbeing and pupil self-perceptions. Some of the strengths from the project, identified by Tracy, are listed below;

  • Sense of community
  • Behaviour across school
  • Improvement of self-esteem

What Next?: At the end of the project, Tracy felt that there were some significant steps that could be taken as a school to continue on their own pathway of support for ADHD pupils. Including the following in her report;

  • Continued professional development to support specific disabilities
  • Teaming with other schools to share support strategies
  • Extending and deepening relationships with external supporting agencies

Positive feedback from parents, supporting professionals, local authority and community has been that Tracy and her team are exemplary in terms of their SEN provisions. Thanks to this Tracy feels extending links and support to other schools will be a fantastic way to progress in the future.

Helen Carlin NASENCO - Masters Assignment 3

Delegate Name: Helen Carlin

Course: The National Award for SEN Coordination

Qualification Achieved: Postgraduate Certificate SEND: National Award for SEN Coordination

Project Title: A critical analysis of a project focusing on accommodating children with EHCPs at a time of uncertainty. 

About Helen: After working as a secondary teacher for 8 years, Helen decided to change direction. This decision came after the arrival of her second daughter to try and gain a better work-life balance. When Helen started out as a TA in her local primary school, their SENCO was leaving at the end of that academic year. Helen says “I have always been passionate about supporting all learners, particularly those with additional learning needs and it seemed like the right step for me”. When Helen was in her first year as SENCo, she began studying for the NASENCO qualification with Real Training. Deciding to study with us, as she found distance learning appealing – enabling her to fit her studies around work and family. Initially, Helen admits she was somewhat overwhelmed, having not written academically for over ten years and being new to the SENCO role. Helen says, however, her tutor was “amazingly supportive”. Highlighting that she learned a lot on the course and found the assignments gave her a good understanding of the history and development of SEN education. In regard to her research project, outlined below, Helen said “I really felt that I was contributing something to my school – something that has continued to evolve ever since to the benefit of our SEN pupils.”

Masters Assignment 3: Helen’s assignment looked at the return to school, post-pandemic. She states that initially none of their vulnerable children came back to school. As SENDCo, Helen carried out risk assessments with the families of their most vulnerable children and found they would all be safer at home. These are some of the standards that were set to ensure the best for the pupils;

  • Personalised work set and feedback provided by the class teacher.
  • Contact by phone or video delegated to either the SENDCO or learning support assistants; this was a minimum of once a week but daily in some cases.
  • Engagement of external services such as family support workers, social workers or the ASC support team as per the Local Offer.
  • Video lessons by the child’s 1:1 support.
  • Remote speech and language sessions.

When looking at which parents needed the most support at home, it was those who themselves suffered from a mental health condition, which had been exacerbated by the changes brought about by the school closures. Helen acknowledges that additional challenges were faced due to the Coronavirus Act (2020) allowing social services to reduce or suspend their services, “leaving vulnerable children and their families without a safety net”. Another observation made in Helens research was that there is very little research on home educating SEND children. Noting that within her educational setting 40% of SEND learners refused to engage in home learning. Upon the phased return to school that was implemented from June 2020, the 4 children that returned to Helen’s research school were; 

  • E – reception class; ASC, global development delay (GDD) and limited verbal communication; 1:1 support
  • L – year 1; on ASDAT pathway awaiting assessment and under Educational Psychologist assessment ahead of EHCP application.
  • O – year 4; ASC; 1:1 support
  • J – year 6; ASC (Asperger’s); 1:1 support

The school decided that these 4 pupils would have bespoke timetables, attendance and support, whilst joining their peers where possible. Helen references David Bartram (OBE), as saying that SEND pupils are the most vulnerable during COVID-19 and most likely to suffer. However, within the research school, for the small group of SEND pupils they had back for 8 weeks before the summer holidays, the opposite had been found. Once adequately prepared for the changes, the ASC pupils embraced a more relaxed structure, smaller group sizes, return to routine following extended periods of home learning and the general reduced expectations and demands placed upon them. 

What Next?: Helen says, looking ahead to September the school has reflected upon the return of these 4 EHCP pupils and has used this to help prepare all of the SEND pupils’ return in September, such as social stories, photographs and new risk assessments, completed with their families. Looking at recommendations from the Education Endowment Fund (EEF) regarding ‘dedicated transition events’ – the school has created video tours of the ‘new’ set up at school as well as video calls with new starters in reception and vulnerable learners. Furthermore, Helen acknowledges Toseeb et al’s (2020) suggestion that educators should put clear routines and targeted mental health support at the centre of SEND transition back to school. Whilst also appreciating the ‘trade-off’ between the emotional well-being of students and the need to ‘catch-up’ on what has been missed. Upon reflection, Helen highlights that the SENCO in the school, rather than act as a liaison at all points of the journey of returning SEND learners, will encourage the school to set up a ‘Team Around the Child’ (TAC) meeting using video conferencing, for the parents, child, SENDCO, class teacher, SLT and the LSA to discuss the best strategy for the child’s transition. Discussing plans for the future, Helen states that the SENCo would like to see continuity into September for the level of personalised provision and support provided to their SEND learners.

Kimberley Craig MEd SEND - Enquiry-based SEND Practice

Delegate Name: Kimberley Craig

Course: Enquiry-based SEND Practice

Qualification Achieved: MEd in SEND 

Project Title: Online Learning During Lockdown

About Kimberley: Kimberley is currently SENDCo at a small independent school in the South of England. She is currently interested in the impact of poor working memory on the learning process, and how this can be successfully accommodated, within the classroom.   Kimberley started her career as a Learning Support Assistant many years ago and trained as a secondary teacher in her early 30’s. Working with Long Term unemployed people through JobCentre Plus, Kimberley became aware that many clients had learning difficulties. It was this which spurred Kimberley to train as a SENCo with her interest in SEND continuing to grow. Kimberley intended to gain the National Award for SEN Coordination but also went on to complete CPT3A. She then made the decision to complete the MEd in SEND programme. Completing; Speech, Language and Communication Needs to be followed by her Enquiry-based SEND practice module. Kimberley’s final Enquiry module was altered due to Covid19 and the first lock-down. Originally her research was going to be classroom-based, using picture-word resources to develop language and her research was based around the picture superiority effect and dual-encoding. However, Kimberley is pleased with the final research topic and thoroughly enjoyed learning about how students do and don’t learn online, and how important self-regulation and metacognition are for independent online learning. This has had a positive impact on the delivery of online learning through the third lock-down. The link between self-regulation, metacognition and learning has been applied to classroom-based practice for SEND students by Kimberley and is part of the training programme for the school and QFT. Kimberley is now wondering what to study next!

Project Goals: Kimberley’s main topic was online learning, whether students with SEND have engaged less with online learning than students without send, and if so, why. The research was based around three key research questions,

  1. Which (if any) aspects of online learning do SEND students struggle with compared to students without SEND? 
  2. What methods of online learning result in more accessible learning for the sub-groups of learners?
  3. Is the amount of parental involvement related to the sub-group of SEND?

Kimberley carried out constructivist action research on the delivery of online learning for children during the lockdown. She also found it to be a reflective process as she has been delivering online learning whilst conducting this research. The target sample for participants was parents. With 52 parents of non-SEND students, 12 of those on the SEND register and 4 with an EHCP. 

Research Findings: Kimberley’s findings matched her hypothesis that SEND children were struggling more with online learning than non-SEND children, and in particular found self-regulation a challenge. Overall, Kimberley’s research found that students with SEND engaged less in online learning than those without those needs. Indicating that the reasons for this were due to lack of self-regulation and metacognition and that poor ICT skills could have contributed to this as well as the lack of diverse learning methods. SEND students engaged better with the synchronous learning tasks mirroring the theories that synchronous tasks require less self-regulation and metacognition, and that SEND students are less able to self-regulate and have poorer metacognitive skills. Two areas where Kimberley found her survey did not match her initial hypothesis were, SEND students were not engaging and benefitting from discussion boards and that the time the parent spent with the SEND child did not have a positive impact on the progress made. However, the data showed that non-SEND students engaged better with the asynchronous learning task. Supporting the theory that non-SEND students have better self-regulation and metacognitive skills than SEND students. With regard to parental input and impact, Kimberley felt there were valid reasons for this, and through training and development this could be addressed. 

Samantha Bunce MEd SEND - Enquiry-based SEND Practice

Delegate Name: Samantha Bunce

Course: Enquiry-based SEND Practice

Qualification Achieved: MEd in SEND

Project Title: An evaluation of whether using SLCN resources in combination with the usual approach to improving literacy will improve students literacy levels by a greater degree than literacy teaching alone.

About Samantha: Samantha is 48 years old and a mother of 3. Starting teaching when her youngest child started school, Samantha taught Chemistry. She has now been teaching for 15 years and has been Head of Chemistry as well as a Chartered Science Teacher. Around 4 years ago, Samantha changed roles and started training to become a SENCo. With NASENCO being the first course she did with us at Real Training. After becoming a full-time SENDCo in a state secondary school she also completed the CPT3A. Enabling her to test and apply for exam access arrangements, which is a really vital skill in Samantha’s role. At this point, having completed 90 masters credits, Samantha decided to go on and complete another two courses enabling her to gain her MEd in SEND. Choosing to do the Social, Emotional, Mental Health module followed by the Enquiry-based SEND project. Samantha’s project was based on Speech, Language and Communication needs as these were prevalent in the school she was working in and are often undiagnosed in children with literacy issues. The information from the project was used to design an entire programme of support for year 7 students with SLCN needs. Samantha is currently working in an Independent school supporting students with a wider range of SEMH issues and introducing testing to screen students for potential SLCN difficulties.

Project Goals: Samantha’s main research question was – Does the use of SLCN resources in conjunction with a literacy scheme improve literacy levels in students with low literacy levels and SLCN more than the literacy scheme alone? Focusing on the following aims;

  • To evaluate whether using SLCN resources in combination with our usual approach to improving literacy will improve the student’s literacy levels by a greater degree than literacy teaching alone.
  • To develop a programme of resources to improve the literacy levels of students with SLCN.
  • To gather information on the participant’s perceptions of their confidence and attitude towards learning in general after taking part in the SLCN programme.

Samantha focused on improving inferencing and linking skills. An area that many students with SLCN find difficult and may not have acquired the necessary skills to be able to do successfully. 

Research Findings: Samantha found that during her research there were many variables beyond her control. Including the complete lockdown of schools, isolating the vast majority of students from friends, teachers and education supported by qualified professionals. Some of the key findings are outlined below;

  • The literacy progress results for the resilience (control) group are in line with what is normally achieved by year 7 literacy group students over a 10 session cycle. The literacy progress results for the SLCN group were far more positive, particularly the Single Word Reading measures, which was around double the increase in standard scores seen in the resilience group.
  • The results of the self-esteem questionnaire were very interesting. Samantha was expecting the resilience group, who were given support to help build their resilience in school to show a greater increase in self-esteem than the SLCN group. In reality, both groups had about the same increase in self-esteem. 
  • The average for each group showed very little difference in the increase of self-esteem. The student comments gave a possible explanation for this – the SLCN group comments included that the students felt more confident to be able to read in lessons and felt that they could understand lessons better, both of which had a positive impact on their self-esteem. 
  • For the resilience group, most of the comments were more aimed towards knowing who to go to when they needed help and support at school or at home. This suggests that although self-esteem was boosted in both groups, it was for very different reasons. This would suggest that running the year 7 literacy groups next year with

Annabel Stark iSENCO - Masters Assignment 3

Delegate Name: Annabel Stark

Course: International Award for SEN Coordination

Qualification Achieved: Postgraduate Certificate SEND: International Award for SEN Coordination

Project Title: ‘A Critical Analysis of a Project to Investigate the Use of Digital Technologies to Engage EAL Children with Reading and Develop Their English Language Skills’ 

About Annabel: At her school in Barcelona, Annabel is the Primary Inclusion Lead, having worked in this role for eight years. Explaining why Annabel decided to undertake the iSENCo qualification she said “I was keen to take a step back and reflect on the work I have done and consider how best to move things forward.” Explaining that the iSENCO course provided her with the perfect framework for achieving this. Also finding it to be a fantastic opportunity to learn alongside other delegates working in the same role in a diverse range of schools around the world. Annabel said the course allowed her to explore many themes of interest. One of those being, the challenge of balancing the demands of delivering the English National Curriculum with the language needs of her students in Barcelona. They are almost all native Spanish speakers. She explains her interests came from Jim Cummin’s work on second language development. He proposes that for students to access an academic curriculum they must acquire an academic language level which facilitates this. Talking about her project Annabel said “In my Masters Assignment 3, I chose to undertake a project to promote the use of audiobooks and other related digital technologies to improve children’s engagement with reading and develop their English vocabulary and comprehension skills. As it happened, this turned out to be a highly relevant theme with school closures and the subsequent reliance on digital technologies to keep children engaged with English language experiences whilst confined in their homes.

Masters Assignment 3: The aim of Annabel’s project was to introduce digital books in different formats and evaluate their effectiveness in motivating and engaging children in listening to stories. The initiative comprised three separate projects supervised by three members of staff; the Head of Primary, the KS1 Stage Coordinator and the Primary Inclusion Lead. You can see the three project titles and a little bit about them all below;

  • Audiobooks in Year 7

Prior to introducing the audiobook project, data was collected from 62 Y7 students about their attitudes to reading; reading ability; frequency of reading practice; and familiarity with audiobooks. An analysis of the responses revealed, unsurprisingly, that those children who ‘loved’ reading or ‘liked it a lot’ tended to read more frequently than their peers (averaging 3 hours a week reading at home compared to an average of 1 hour by those who only liked reading ‘a bit’ or ‘not at all’). 

  • A new reading platform in Year 2

Prior to introducing the ebook project, data was collected from families of children in Y2 regarding parental attitudes to reading to gain an understanding of the cultural factors influencing home reading habits. Of the 117 parents who responded, 90% said they enjoyed reading ‘a lot’ or ‘quite a lot’ and 10% said they only liked it ‘a bit’ or ‘not at all’. 92% said they read aloud to their children ‘a lot’ or ‘quite a lot’ in their native language. Interestingly, 71% said they never or rarely read to their parents when they were children. Asked how frequently their child read aloud to them at home the majority of parents (65%) said their child practised their reading books more than 3 times a week with them at home

  • ‘Listening Stations’ in Year 1 

The school invested in three ‘EasiEars’ listening stations, one for each Y1 class. Stories read aloud by the teachers were uploaded onto the six headsets with copies of the books available in the listening station box. The listening stations were available for the children to use during their English lessons. It was not possible to collect data about children’s enjoyment of the experience but feedback from the teachers was very positive and they reported high levels of engagement with the listening stations

What Next?: The benefits of frequent reading practice and engagement with high-quality children’s literature for EAL learners is supported by a wealth of research, and digital technologies offer exciting new ways to engage learners with this experience. Annabel certainly found this to be the observation in her setting, with children responding enthusiastically to all three of the projects implemented and showing high levels of engagement. With educational technologies evolving fast, Annabel believes it is essential that we continue to explore new ways for children to engage with books as this will have a positive impact on the development of English language skills and the number of children who enjoy reading. It may also be a route to engage struggling readers and boys in particular.

Hannah Smith NASENCO - Masters Assignment 3

Delegate Name: Hannah Smith

Course: The National Award for SEN Coordination

Qualification Achieved: Postgraduate Certificate SEND: National Award for SEN Coordination

Project Title: Implementation of Precision Teaching to improve SEND children’s mathematical fluency

About Hannah: Hannah is an Assistant Headteacher, DSL and SENCO. Describing the school in which she works as a “bustling three-form entry school in West Yorkshire”. After completing the first 2 years of her degree at the University of Brighton, Hannah transferred to Bradford College. Whilst working in a 1 form first school, within a variety of roles from admin assistant, midday supervisor and teaching assistant. Starting at Wibsey in 2009 as an NQT, Hannah progressed to being a middle leader with responsibilities of SEND interventions and then on to being Assistant Head and lead in pupil premium progress across the school. With the current SENCO retiring, Hannah was asked to come out of class and be a full-time DSL and SENCO. She says “I miss being in the classroom with the children, but my role now is so diverse that no day is the same and I get to impact more children right across the school”.  Through regular SENCO networking meetings arranged by the local schools in her area, Hannah had heard about the different courses available. Stating “I chose Real Training as I wanted the flexibility to do my job properly and give every effort to the children and families without having to take days away to attend sessions.” Hannah appreciated the communication with her tutor, alongside being guided through different aspects of the assignments. Explaining how she often struggles with getting started and Zoe (her tutor) was brilliant in redirecting her when needed. The course really helped Hannah understand the legislation, research and progression in SEND over the years and how that impacts practice today. When completing paperwork for referrals or EHCPs I can see the reasoning and the thought process that has gone into ensuring the very best provision for all pupils.

Masters Assignment 3: At Hannah’s setting, 22% of pupils are on the SEND register. It had been identified that children on the SEND register were having trouble retaining number facts which in turn is impacting them mastering more complex skills and slowing down the progress they are making. After meeting with the Senior Leadership Team, it was decided that Hannah would do some research and speak to professionals for advice on interventions that could be implemented to address this issue. Precision Teaching was recommended by the Educational Psychologist (EP) and Cognitive and Learning Team from the local authority.  After receiving this advice and doing some research of her own, Hannah and another colleague had training from the local authority EP team in precision teaching. Then taking this back to the school and trialling it with several children. All teachers were focusing on math skills for Precision Teaching. Recording progress on excel sheets and in files. The programme ran for 12 weeks. During that time, the staff said that the children’s confidence has improved alongside a willingness to answer questions, including more attempts at more challenging problems. Furthermore, the number of correct answers during mental arithmetic tests have improved and calculations have fewer mistakes in them. There was also positive feedback from the children involved, with all 3 children asked stating that they have been enjoying precision teaching and they are more confident with their fluency in maths. 

What next?: Hannah highlights that due to the current global situation, Precision Teaching is going to be vitally important for all children. With this in mind, all teachers have since set up their new Precision Teaching files and in the first week back in school will be working with the children to assess what skills they need to practice.  Data will continue to be tracked and progress reported to governors, senior management and leadership teams. Precision Teaching will now be transferred to other areas of the curriculum to increase fluency in those areas too. There will also be advice offered to parents regarding how they can support the programme from home. 

Rachael Knight NASENCO - Masters Assignment 3

Delegate Name: Rachael Knight

Course: The National Award for SEN Coordination

Qualification Achieved: Postgraduate Certificate SEND: National Award for SEN Coordination

Project Title: A case study analysis of an individual child, focusing on the assessment, planning, implementation and review of an intervention to support the development of their emotional competence

About Rachael: Rachael is currently Head of School at Running Deer School, a small SEND provision based in woodland on the edge of Dartmoor. Working with children and young people who come from other settings, often feeling like they have failed, lack self-worth and do not trust adults in school easily. Rachael also works as Designated Safeguarding Lead and SENCO within her role. Prior to the work she does now, Rachael was a lecturer in initial teacher education at Plymouth University. She had also worked in a variety of SEND and mainstream schools before that. Rachael is passionate about inclusion, and the right for all children and young people to access learning. She studied NASENCO with Real Training and “thoroughly enjoyed it”. Rachael says “My tutor was incredibly supportive and her feedback was invaluable, the opportunity to have a placement in another school was so helpful and has really shaped my practice”. 

Masters Assignment 3: In her assignment, Rachael works with a young individual who has an Education and Health Care Plan (EHCP) along with a diagnosis of autism. The child attends a small independent school for young people with Special Educational Needs (SEN). In response to some challenging behaviour regarding the child’s ability to express emotions, the decision was taken to develop an Emotional Curriculum to be taught one-to-one on a weekly basis. Rachael’s assignment looks at the rationale behind the development of this and the approach taken to its assessment and implementation. She also goes on to analyse the impact of the programme on the child’s emotional and social competence.  Using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SQD) scoring system to review the ‘before’ and ‘after’ SDQs, Rachael looked at 5 categories of behaviour. These were; prosocial behaviour, hyperactivity, emotional problems, conduct problems and peer problems. However, the category of hyperactivity was not considered as it fell outside of the remit of the Emotional Curriculum. Since the introduction of the Emotional Curriculum, scores for each category (except for peer problems – which scored close to average) alongside the overall total difficulties score showed a positive change. 

What next?: There have been positive changes in the SDQ score relation to prosocial behaviour, emotional problems and conduct problems and in the total difficulties score. As well as a decrease in autistic meltdowns, parents reported that they felt ‘he is much more able to describe how he feels and talk about his feelings’ than before the Emotional Curriculum had begun.  Rachael also found that although the child had been able to correctly name emotions that a person may experience within hypothetical situations, he was often unable to recall how he had felt in situations. Rachael states “this is an area I wish to develop within the Emotional Curriculum, after first further researching the potential impact of ‘difficulty in forming a meta-representation of one’s own mental states’ (Lind, Williams, Grainger and Lansiedel, 2018, p. 16) on autistic children and young people, considering this from a neurodiversity perspective.

Edward Stones MEd SEND - Enquiry-based SEND Practice

Delegate name: Edward Stones

Course: Enquiry-based SEND Practice

Qualification achieved: MEd in SEND

Project title: An Online Study of Differentiation in Bruneian State Primary Schools

About Edward: Edward works for the Educational Development Trust (formerly CfBT) as a Specialist Language Teacher and regional SENCO. Attending to the needs of students studying in remote, rural schools in Brunei. Since graduating as a teacher from the University of East Anglia in 2003, Edward has worked predominantly in South East Asia as a teacher and HoD in the areas of EAL and Special Education. Through his research, Edward feels that he has been able to contribute to the greater understanding of SEN in Brunei. In 2016, Edward undertook his NASENCO course. Since then he has gone on to achieve the  MEd in SEND and CPT3A qualification with Real Training. Completing his MEd during the Covid-19 lockdown in Brunei, Edward had to change the nature of his research and design mid-flow. However, he explains “My tutors were very supportive and I was satisfied with the results as I managed to obtain and process a great deal of information from a large pool of teachers in Brunei on their personal views and ideas on classroom differentiation”. Edward’s research helped him develop more professional development opportunities and harness teacher’s views to make training on differentiation more meaningful and effective. Edward is proud to have earned a distinction for his MEd with Real Training and Middlesex University. Edward is currently establishing the first SEN consultancy in Brunei and is carrying out SEN and Access Arrangements assessments for students, both face to face and online. Edward says that Real Training has “…allowed me to greatly expand my working possibilities and given me the acknowledgement and accreditation that I sought”.

Project Goals: Edward investigated the problem of classroom differentiation, carrying out action research online with English Teachers in Brunei. Edward obtained qualitative feedback from teachers through an internet survey and online interviews. Transforming this feedback into a comprehensible format helped stakeholders such as the Bruneian Ministry of Education understand what methods need to be employed to improve classroom differentiation. Edward attempted to answer the following questions in his research;

  1. What strategies do teachers use to differentiate (in terms of content, process, product, grouping, learning environment) in Bruneian classrooms?
  2. What benefits/disadvantages do teachers see in differentiation?
  3. What impact does differentiation (or lack of differentiation) have on students?
  4. What do teachers offer in terms of enrichment?
  5. What training do teachers want related to differentiation?
  6. What are the barriers to differentiation?

Research Findings: Below is a brief summary of some of Edwards findings, in relation to each research question.

  1. According to the qualitative data, teachers’ strategies focused mainly on using differentiated texts. Only one teacher mentioned using mixed ability grouping, which has been found to be preferable as it allows students to see themselves in a variety of contexts and aids the teacher in “auditioning” students in different settings and with different kinds of work (Tomlinson, 1995, 1999).
  2. Teachers summarised the benefits of differentiation as increased attainment through personalised learning, more choices of learners and increased motivation.
  3. It was clear that teachers think the biggest impact of differentiation is that it meets children’s social and emotional needs. ‘Improved Confidence’, ‘enjoyment’, ‘motivation’, ‘self-esteem’ and ‘excitement’ were mentioned several times by teachers in the study.
  4. 50% of teachers involved in the study claimed there were not enough enrichment programs in their schools.
  5. Just under half the teachers surveyed claimed to have never received any training on differentiation and only 5 additional teachers claimed to have received training related to differentiation since arriving in Brunei, largely provided by their school. 
  6. Edward acknowledges that the barriers to differentiation are complex and varied. Time and workload appear as significant barriers to a few teachers. As well as physical barriers there are the intangible; changing learner and school culture appears to be a barrier as perceived by some teachers. 

Edward feels that his study was unique and beneficial in terms of highlighting differentiation as an issue and allowing teachers to find their own voice, compare barriers and share their strategies. The 2020 study revealed that new thoughtful strategies and commitments are required to ensure the continuation of classroom differentiation. All teachers involved in the study were interested in receiving further training on differentiation and the Stakeholder Group met with the management team at the Bruneian MoE to air the results of the survey and discuss opportunities for action in 2021. All Bruneian students will surely benefit from the more inclusive approach which is advocated in this study.

Rivkie Ives MEd SEND - Enquiry-based SEND Practice

Delegate name: Rivkie Ives Course: Enquiry-based SEND Practice

Qualification achieved: MEd in SEND

Project title: Assessing teachers’ attitude and its impact on their inclusionary practise in senior school

About Rivkie: Rivkie is the current headmistress in Monsey Beis Chaya Mushka (MBCM). This is an all-girls high school in Upstate New York, USA. She has also previously worked as the SENCo in Lubavitch Senior Girls’ School in London. Rivkie is passionate about social and academic inclusion for all, especially those with special educational needs and disabilities. In her search for methods to increase the inclusion of all students socially, she began to run experiential workshops on social inclusion in the United Kingdom, Europe and the United States. Finishing her Bachelor of Arts degree with the University of Greenwich, Rivkie then went on to gain her QTS and begin studying for her MEd in SEND with Real Training. Rivkie’s MEd was made up of the National Award for SEN Coordination (NASENCO), the double Dynamic Assessment qualification and completed with the final Enquiry-based research module. Rivkie’s research focused on the current practises of academic inclusion within her setting, MBCM. She states “I was amazed by how much my staff and I gained from this research and how much it has empowered us to forge on in our quest for academic inclusion for all students.” 

Project Goals: Rivkie’s research goal was “to better understand how we can improve the inclusion of students with special educational needs (SEND) in our small faith-based privately funded senior school.” Rivkie looked at 3 specific research questions;

  1. What the attitudes of teachers contribute towards inclusionary practice in the classroom? 
  2. What existing strengths and competencies to promote inclusion are practices in the school?
  3. How may it be possible to build on existing strengths to expand the teachers’ inclusionary horizons and practices?

Research Findings: Rivkie’s findings were compiled from responses given by 70% of teachers asked. Below you can see the findings of the research in relation to the original research questions listed above. 

  1. The research suggested that there were two types of attitudes when it came to inclusion. The in-principle attitude professed by these teachers, who believe that all students should learn and is their responsibility, with the necessary tools provided. However, the research also revealed a practical attitude. Whereby, in reality, substantive inclusion, involving students learning side-by-side whilst progressing each on their level, did not appear to be occurring within the school. Rivkie also highlighted that none of their staff have received a basic education in SEND. Stating that “this would imply that through sufficient training teachers will develop the skill necessary for inclusion. Since the desire and rapport already exist.”
  2. When teachers were asked what strengths they already see in the school, 12 felt that support from their colleagues was a strength while 9 felt that support from the senior management team was a strength. Rivkie was surprised to find that quite a high number of staff highlighted the strong extracurricular offering that our school provides as giving prominence to all students including and especially those with SEND.
  3. Rivkie believes that although they may not have all the tools and training they would like, the ability to coach teachers in-house proactively and productively is something that can be implemented with ease and immediate effect. Stating “the availability of resources and tools enabling inclusion has already made its mark in our school. Teachers have modified books, Braille materials and printers, science manipulatives and the like. Teacher feedback makes it clear that these resources are being used and are impactful, thus emerging as yet another theme in the study.”

As a result of Rivkie’s research, an action plan has been put in place. You can see this below. Rivkie concludes her research in a sentence “empowered teachers lead to empowered students.”

Action Action was taken by whom? When? Evaluation:
Regular staff meeting to discuss the challenges of the students  Senior management staff via zoom Immediately at the start of the new school year, every two months thereafter Teacher, Parent and student feedback
Staff coaching Principals and/or hired teacher-coaches Immediate effect 1.    Teachers receiving professional coaching will fill in logs on how impactful these sessions have been.   2.    Teachers receiving coaching from senior staff or peers will give immediate feedback on how impactful the sessions have been.
Training to meet staff needs  Senior management staff
  1. The first training in September 2020 on group work
  2. November 2020 on differentiation
  1. Headteacher and/or presenter observation of group work
  2. Headteacher and/or presenter observation of differentiation
  3. Student feedback 
Training in social inclusion Senior staff   Form teachers Head of extra-curricular activities Youth leaders Before the start of the year, the researcher to meet with the senior staff, form teachers, head of the extra-curricular activities and youth leaders to discuss ways to be more inclusive. Researcher to share research that was carried out including activities that can be used with immediate effect
  1. Interview teachers 1-8 again and see how they feel the social inclusion has progressed
  2. Researcher to observe students during free time to see if inclusion has improved
  3. Those involved in running and executing extra-curricular activities will chart progress in their attendance at events 

Zoey Slack NASENCO - Masters Assignment 3

Delegate name: Zoey Slack

Course: National Award for SEN Coordination 

Qualification Achieved: Post Graduate Certification – National Award for SEN Coordination

Project title: Social Use of Language Play (SULP) and Lego Therapy Interventions supporting Personal, Social and Emotional development of a child diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASC). 

About Zoey: Zoey started her career as a classroom teacher, in a mainstream school and has taught for 13 years. In 2018, she took up the role of SENCO in her primary school. Over the years of teaching in a school consisting of high social deprivation and an above-average percentage of pupils identified as having special education needs, this was an area of interest which Zoey wished to pursue further. Zoey spent one year in the role of SENCO before embarking upon the NASENCO qualification with Real Training. The course enabled her to understand the legislation and frameworks that underpin special educational needs and the role of primary settings. The ‘Masters Assignment 3’ task gave her invaluable insight to explore how specific social communication interventions impact upon female pupils, with a diagnosed Autistic Spectrum Condition (ASC). Subsequently, this informed Zoey’s assess, plan, do, review cycle, reviewing current internal practices and interventions beyond those targeted at pupils with an Autism diagnosis and adopt a consistency in delivery amongst all colleagues for optimum impact on pupils’. Zoey said the following, “this study and course have not only supported me in reviewing internal practices to offer the ‘very best’ for pupils within my setting but to share my knowledge wider, as a whole school SEND reviewer”.

Masters Assignment 3: In this assignment, Zoey outlines the need for this research, accompanied by data evidence. Highlighting that the child of interest had made minimal progress in the area of Personal, Social and Emotional Development (PSED) over time. Zoey’s result showed that compared to the average child who is expected to make one-development matters band progress over three terms, Child A only made one-development matters band progress over seven terms. She also found using the Boxall Profile assessments method that Child A had the following priority areas of need: showing insightful involvement, accommodating others and showing inconsequential behaviour. From this, the recommendations for areas of focus were; exploring imaginative play, encouraging small group interactions, involving puppetry play, nurtured turn-taking through a practical, kinesthetic approach.  Following this, a SEN support plan was devised, targeting the specific areas of need. Targets were specific, measurable, achievable and realistic. Zoey goes on to discuss, interventions used by professionals to assist children with Autism. She discusses; Social Stories, Lego Therapy and Social Use of Language Play (SULP). She goes on to explain that for Child A, Lego Therapy and SULP are most appropriate and reflective of Child A’s interests and needs. Further discussions, regarding the delivery of the chosen interventions and evaluation of its impact over the assessment period, were detailed.

What next?: As a result of the impact of the interventions the decision was made to continue with the program devised for the child until the end of the Spring Term. This was as a result of positive feedback from parents, the child’s enthusiasm, the progress made and to observe the impact of the programs over a longer period of time. In conclusion, Zoey highlights that practice-based evidence, as well as the exploration of the published literature, is fundamental to whether programs actually work for pupils. Completing a small scale study, evaluating impact and then transferring these learnt ‘what works’ for pupils to the whole school, will benefit more pupils in their settings over time. 

Priyadarshana Shah MEd SEND - Enquiry-based SEND Practice

Delegate name: Priyadarshana Shah

Course: Enquiry-based SEND Practice

Qualification achieved: MEd in SEND

Project title: An account of an enquiry-based practice on the mathematical resilience of high school students with an individual education plan

About Priyadarshana: Priyadarshana completed her BSc (Hons) Psychology in the UK in 1993 and wanted to become an educational psychologist after that. At the time, individuals had to have Qualified Teacher Status (QTS) and a minimum of 2 years teaching before applying for a Masters in Educational Psychology. Thus, Priya became a teacher and loved it! She has now been teaching since 1997. She started off teaching secondary mathematics in a private British community school in Kenya. She was also the SENCO from nursery to secondary for 7 years. In 2005, Priya joined her current school also in Kenya, as a high school math teacher as well as a learning support teacher. She has also worn the hat of an English as a second language (ESOL) teacher for a year at the school. Currently as a Learning Support Case Manager for grades 11 and 12, Priya was looking to gain a place on the British Psychological Society’s (BPS) Register for Qualified Test Users (RQTU). She found the Real Training CPT3A course online and was subsequently encouraged by her school to achieve the full masters. Priya’s research project has recently been published online by The International Educator newspaper, she also features on our delegate feedback page. If you would like to know more about her learning journey you can see this here.

Project Goals: Priya wanted to investigate how schools could develop resilience in math to tackle the issue of students who were struggling. In her research she asked 4 main questions, these were:

  1. How mathematically resilient are students with SEND?
  2. Does a course on how to learn math effectively support the development of mathematical resistance (MR)?
  3. What are the students’ perceptions of their own MR?
  4. What are the teachers’ perceptions of the MR of students?

Priya focused on high school students with an individualised education programme (IEP) from grades 9 to 12. Her other participants were parents, high school, and high school math teachers. From the students, 32 out of 33 were given permission to take part, the whole Learning Support (LS) team gave their consent to take part, administering the written tasks, questionnaires and intervention. Finally, the math department gave their consent to participate in the research – allowing observation of some of their classes, answering teacher scaling questions and writing reports on students.

Research Findings: You can see Priya’s findings to each of her questions below:

  1. How mathematically resilient are students with SEND?

It was predicted that the scores would be lower than the published research because of two barriers – their SEND and gaps in math skills and knowledge due to their status as ‘third culture kids’ (TCKs). However, this was not the case – in reality, the sample was comparably resilient to the normative sample of the research.

  1. Does the intervention support the development of MR?

 Yes, the sample was somewhat mathematically resilient to start with, albeit, the intervention has generally developed their MR positively.

  1. What are the students’ perceptions of their own MR?

Immediately after the intervention, student perception on a scaling question ranged from 3 to 10. The most frequently occurring score (mode) is 7. This is an indication that students perceived their MR as good.

  1. What are the teachers’ perceptions of the MR of students?

Priya found there to be mixed results. Pre-intervention there was support in acknowledging that students with an IEP need help in math and struggle. However, the maths teachers’ reports on students were varied. Alongside this, there was some indication that grades are not a good measure of MR and tell nothing to students and parents of their MR. Overall, Priya found that the Stanford University free online course ‘How to Learn Math: For Students’ made a positive impact on the MR of students with an IEP in her setting. As a result of Priya’s research, the school’s action plan will prepare all students to learn math effectively by becoming mathematically resilient.

Jo Johnson MEd SEND - Enquiry-based SEND Practice

Delegate name: Jo Johnson

Course: Enquiry-based SEND Practice module

Qualification achieved: MEd in SEND

Project title: An evaluation of STLS collaborative teacher coaching on school capacity for meeting the needs of learners with SEN

About Jo: Jo started her career as a speech and language therapist and worked in both mainstream and special schools. After qualifying as a teacher in an SLCN Specialist Resource Provision, worked as an outreach teacher in mainstream schools and as a SENCO. Following that she took up a role in the Specialist Teaching and Learning Service (STLS) with Kent County Council as a specialist teacher for cognition and learning and continues to support pupils in local mainstream primary and secondary schools. Jo is also the author of ‘Sounds into Words’, a Language For Learning resource designed to support differentiation of the Letters & Sounds Literacy programme for pupils with Speech, Language and Communication Needs. The Enquiry based SEND practice module gave Jo the opportunity to explore how mainstream teachers can best be supported by specialists such as STLS to adopt a wider range of whole-class inclusive teaching strategies. This allowed her to develop an innovative approach to working with schools using the principles of Lesson Study and peer coaching. She has been invited to present her project at the Inclusive and Supportive Education Conference (ISEC) ‘Closing the Research to Practice Gap’ in 2021. 

Project goals: The project research aimed to explore the extent to which collaborative teacher coaching builds capacity in schools to meet the needs of learners with SEN. In a collaborative classroom, teachers combine their strengths to work together, coach one another and provide the best possible environment for their students. Joanna considered four main research questions during her project;

  1. How does collaborative teacher coaching develop Senco confidence and effectiveness as a contributor to the development of Quality First Teaching (QFT) for SEN?
  2. Which aspects of collaborative teacher coaching are most useful to teachers?
  3. To what extent does collaborative teacher coaching improve pupil learning?
  4. To what extent is collaborative teacher coaching an effective and manageable way for STLS to deliver training to develop QFT for SEN in schools?

Across three primary schools in Key Stage 2, six focus pupils with SEN were identified along with a ‘team around the class’ which consisted of the class teacher, a second teacher from the same school and the SENCO.

Research findings: Jo organised her findings under three questions;

  • How does collaborative teacher coaching develop SENCO confidence and effectiveness as a contributor to the development of Quality First Teaching for SEN? 

Jo found that the project provided the framework, time and opportunity for SENCOs to re-engage with the classroom and share their expertise more effectively with teachers. SENCOs unanimously agreed that they had found the Project’s focus on pupil learning rather than teacher practice extremely helpful.

  • Which aspects of the collaborative teacher coaching process were most useful to teachers?

Prior to the project teachers expressed feelings of vulnerability about the slow progress and lack of engagement of their SEN pupils and described their learning as unpredictable and difficult to assess. Teachers were unanimously positive about the shift of the evaluative gaze away from them and onto the learning of their focus pupils.  “Having that focus on the teaching strategies is the one thing, one of the many things, but the one thing that is having an impact on their learning even now”.

  • To what extent does teacher coaching improve the learning of pupils with SEN in the classroom?

Data from lesson observations and work sampling showed improvement to pupil learning when appraised against the lesson objective and success criteria, as shown in Fig. 6:In one of the most powerful moments of the project, a class teacher remarked that it was the first time his focus pupil had been asked to write and not cried. 

  • To what extent is collaborative teacher coaching an effective and manageable way for STLS to deliver training to develop QFT for SEN in schools?

All the research data indicated that collaborative teacher coaching is an effective way for STLS to work and although initially appearing more time consuming, the time invested was comparable with a typical cycle of school visits over a year for one pupil – approximately 9 hours. From the STLS perspective therefore this model appears to offer a manageable alternative to individual casework while also building capacity in schools to teach inclusively. Overall, this project had a positive impact on the learning of the focus pupils, increased the perceived effectiveness and confidence of the participants and offered a and manageable alternative model for STLS engagement with schools.

Bronwyne Van Zyl MEd SEND - Enquiry-based SEND Practice

Delegate name: Bronwyne van Zyl

Course: Enquiry-based SEND Practice module

Qualification achieved: MEd in SEND 

Project title: Picture This! Spelling

About Bronwyne: Bronwyne van Zyl is an experienced Specialist Dyslexia Teacher with 17 years of international experience. She specialises in the fields of specific learning differences and academic assessment and has focused on empowering children with learning differences and building their confidence. She is the author of Picture This! Spelling, a pencil-free approach to effectively teach irregular word spelling using visualisations and mnemonics.  Fun, creative and effective, it has been proven to deliver results, increase self-esteem and academic progress. She studied with Real Training in order to attain her Master’s degree in SEND, having started her learning journey with us by completing the CPT3A course, qualifying as a Test User and Access Arrangements Assessor. As part of her MEd SEND, she conducted research on tailored spelling intervention.

Project goals The goals of Bronwyne’s project covered three research questions about the efficacy of spelling interventions across a variety of specific needs. The hypothesis was if spelling error trends are analysed and investigated and multisensory interventions are implemented targeting those errors, then hopefully we would begin to see an increase in spelling scores as well as an increase in confidence within the classroom. The research questions were:

  • How can spelling interventions be tailored to target students specific needs based on set parameters and error trends?
  • How can we develop a more consistent approach to spelling with regards to the delivery of the intervention and in-class support, across years 1 – 3?
  • When spelling error trends are targeted within an intervention, do we see a holistic improvement with regards to confidence, skill and attainment within the classroom?

Research findings The research was focused on Foundation stage 1 to year 3 at a British school in Dubai, which caters for children 3-18 years of age.

  • 94% of students showed improvement in obtained standardised scores from baseline to progress assessments.
  • 91% of students taking part in the research indicated an improvement in self-confidence between the start and end of the interventions.

Project impact As a result of this research, the school identified spelling intervention as being in need of further investigation, and that baseline data could be used to identify students who needed support. “Based on the research undertaken I further developed a spelling programme called Picture This! Spelling. The programme is an innovative pencil-free spelling programme that addresses irregular words and supports retention and recall through the use of visualisations and mnemonics.” Picture This! Spelling has subsequently been published and has been awarded the British Dyslexia Association Assured Product Status, making it accessible to schools all over the world. The programme has since been used by specialist teachers working with students who have severe to moderate learning barriers, as well as in Early Years education, English as an Additional Language and those learning English for the first time, further cementing its value within inclusive learning environments. “I developed the programme based on my research and the 3 schools across which I work are all using it now and having great success. The students are motivated, engaged and progressing well.” Bronwyne has been invited as a guest speaker at conferences and workshops across the UAE, as well as becoming a Specialist Assessor registered with the British Psychological Society. She remains passionate about “finding alternative methods of instruction to accommodate all her students, ultimately opening up possibilities for progress and achievement.”

Alison Szalay MEd SEND - Enquiry-based SEND Practice

Delegate name: Alison Szalay 

Course: Enquiry based SEND Practice module

Qualification achieved: MEd in SEND 

Project title: Top Banana: The IPEELL Approach

About Alison: With a background as an early years teacher, Alison had specialised in helping pupils with literacy difficulties. Alison previously worked as an advisory teacher for literacy and taught family literacy. As her career progressed, she specialised in teaching pupils with cognition and learning needs, particularly dyslexia, and now works as a specialist advisory teacher for a local authority and a SENCO. Having previously studied postgraduate qualifications in dyslexia and the National Award for SEN Coordination (NASENCO), Alison completed her MEd with us at Real Training. The Enquiry-based SEND Practice module gave Alison the opportunity to explore writing composition and metacognition in depth. It informed a better understanding of how to target writing composition and led to the opportunity for Alison to work as a trainer for the National Literacy Trust, and to study the area in more depth through a PhD.

Project goals: This enquiry focuses on researching the impact of a metacognitive writing intervention, known as IPEELL. This is a mnemonic for ‘Introduction, Point, Explanation, Ending, Links, Language’ to target compositional skills for a group of key stage two pupils with special educational needs (SEN). The project aimed to discover the impact of the intervention on three main elements; writing composition, attitudes toward writing and pupils’ metacognition about writing Alison considered four main questions when approaching her research:

  1. How do pupils feel about writing?
  2. What do the pupils know about how to improve their writing and how to be a writer?
  3. What impact does the intervention have on the pupils’ writing composition? 
  4. What are the resulting implications for school?

To answer these questions Alison carried out the following steps in her project:

  • Identifying a group of key stage two pupils attaining below age-related expectations in writing 
  • Finding out more about the pupils’ understanding of their own learning in relation to writing 
  • Developing and implementing a writing intervention over a five-week period
  • Evaluating the impact of the intervention and identifying implications for the pupils and school

Research findings: In line with the four questions highlighted above, the findings for this project were divided into sections.  First of all, Alison looked to understand how the intervention impacted the five pupils’ attitudes towards writing

  • There was some impact noted, with four or five pupils talking more positively about writing in the post-intervention interview. 

The second finding looked at pupils’ knowledge of how to improve their writing and be a writer

  • The evidence suggested that the project had some positive impact on the pupils’ knowledge of this, with indications of increased metacognitive knowledge and control post-intervention. The data suggested that pupils knew more about the features of writing composition, talked about their own actions when writing and used their metacognitive knowledge about writing by applying the target writing features.

Thirdly, Alison’s findings surrounding the impact on the pupils’ writing composition showed the following:

  • All five pupils applied more features of writing composition in their independent writing post-intervention, indicating that the intervention had made a positive impact on their progress.

Alison created a bar graph to show the comparison of each area pre and post-project, you can see this below: Project impact at school:  As part of Alison’s project she also considered what the resulting implications for the school were. She highlights that “given the evidence base that the school now has, an intervention using this model should be considered for other pupils who experience difficulties with writing composition. It will be important to adapt the writing focus and features so that they are appropriate for their age and learning level.”   Alison created an action plan to be carried out in the school in the six months following her project implementation. The main outcome was the delivery of ‘Top Banana’ as an intervention to target improved writing, delivered by teaching assistants, with class teachers remaining responsible for high-quality whole-class teaching. In conclusion, Alison states “In addition to my own professional development, this enquiry has built on and developed practice at school”. 

 

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